By Guillermo Metz
Guillermo Metz is the Managing Editor of Training & Conditioning.
Training & Conditioning, 10.8, November 2000, http://www.momentummedia.com/articles/tc/tc1008/refer.htm
Petrissage, effleurage, skin rolling. Do these terms leave you—or your student athletic trainers—dizzily perplexed? Does “ischemic compression” make you think of the poor sap at the bottom of a football pileup? Even for those who know that we’re simply talking about massage, these terms—and how to perform these manual techniques—may not be entirely clear.
Over the past few years, we have been running in-depth articles on massage therapy in Training & Conditioning (as well as this every-other-issue column). While some of these can serve as valuable references when treating athletes, there is a plethora of more resources—from basic texts that give a general overview of massage therapy to advanced resources detailing how to perform some of the most useful manual techniques, accompanied with detailed illustrations. While not an all-encompassing bibliography, following are some of the finest resources in the field that you can turn to the next time someone comes into the athletic training room asking you for some deep stripping effleurage and deep friction (one of the most successful therapies for patellar tendinitis).
Functional Assessment in Massage Therapy, 3rd ed. Lowe, W. Orthopedic Massage Education & Research Institute: Bend, OR, 1997. This book devotes a chapter to each of seven specific regions of the body. Each chapter discusses the muscles acting on the area, performance of active and passive range of motion tests, and manual resistive tests for muscle function, followed by common soft tissue injuries of that area. Detailed information about injury etiology and suggestions for treatment are also included.
Mosby’s Fundamentals of Therapeutic Massage and Mosby’s Visual Guide To Massage Essentials. Fritz, S. Mosby’s Lifeline: St Louis, 1995. Designed to be a teaching and reference text, this book and its accompanying illustrated guide stress a sound understanding of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology—which, in this book, is where the discussion on massage therapy begins.
Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, vols. 1 & 2. Simons, D.G., M.D., Travell, J.G., M.D., Simons, L.S. (Illustrator). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins: Philadelphia, 1998. This exhaustive text is intended for healthcare professionals or students with considerable knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and kinesiology. It contains in-depth analysis of how muscles work in different situations, offering insights into aspects of human movement.
Palpation Skills: Assessment and Diagnosis Through Touch. Chaitow, L., N.D., D.O. Churchill Livingstone: Edinburgh, UK, 1997. This workbook guides both the experienced practitioner and student toward increasingly sophisticated assessment and practice through palpatory skills.
Performance Massage. King, R.K. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, 1993. Written by a former President of the American Massage Therapy Association, this book provides good illustrations of sports massage techniques done without oil and through clothes. From the introduction by Bill Rogers: “Even if the reader has never given or received a massage, this book makes it easy to do! [It] is loaded with over 150 color photos that guide the reader step-by-step through all of the skills needed to do Performance Massage with a training partner.”
Sport & Remedial Massage Therapy. Cash, M. Ebury Press: London, 1996. This book shows how to incorporate massage with other healthcare and as a vital component in an athlete’s training.
Sports Massage—A Complete Program for Increasing Performance and Endurance in 15 Popular Sports. Meagher, J., Boughton, P. Station Hill Press: Barrytown, New York, 1990. These authors provide basic sports massage techniques skewed toward improving performance, and detail the specific areas stressed by a selection of sports.
Trail Guide to the Body: How to Locate Muscles, Bones & More! Biel, A.R. Books of Discovery: Boulder, CO, 1997. In addition to detailing the anatomy of the body, this book demonstrates how to manually locate and explore its structures.
Understanding Sports Massage. Benjamin, P.J., Ph.D., Lamp, S.P. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, 1996. This book distinguishes among the massage needs appropriate to restorative massage, remedial massage, rehabilitation massage, prevention massage, intervention massage, post-event massage, and maintenance massage and provides the techniques most appropriate in each instance. It also covers the logistics of organizing event massage.
Clinical Sports Massage: vol. 1 The Essentials (1992); vol. 2 Lower Extremities (1993); vol. 3 Neck and Back (1993). Vaughn, B. Available from: Benny Vaughn Assoc. 800-272-2056.
Event Sports Massage (1998) and Therapeutic Sports Massage for the Lower Extremity (1999). Stephens, R.R. Available from: Ralph Stephens Seminars, P. O. Box 8267, Cedar Rapids, IA 52408-8267, or 888-570-9040.
Massage for Sports Health Care. Vaughn, B. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, 1998.
Therapeutic Massage for Sports and Fitness. Phaigh, R., 1988. Available from: Excel Sports Science, Inc., P.O. Box 5612, Eugene, OR 97405, or 800-922-9544.