Training & Conditioning, 11.7, October 2001, http://www.momentummedia.com/articles/tc/tc1107/bullboard.htm
Drug Use and Student Athletes:
A Mixed Message
First the good news: Fewer student-athletes use anabolic steroids and chewing tobacco compared to 12 years ago. Now the bad news: The use of amphetamines is on the rise, according to the 2001 NCAA Study of Substance Use Habits of College Student-Athletes.
The NCAA has polled student-athletes about drug abuse at member colleges and universities since 1989. Based on the latest survey of 21,000 student-athletes, the NCAA finds that the share who use smokeless tobacco decreased from 27.6 percent to 17.4 percent between 1989 and 2001. Anabolic steroid use dropped from 4.9 percent of those surveyed in 1989 to 1.4 percent in 2001.
Alcohol apparently is the substance of choice among student-athletes, with nearly 80 percent admitting to using it today. Nonetheless, alcohol use has diminished since 1989, from 88.9 percent to 79.5 percent of student-athletes surveyed.
Stimulants were the only category to see an increase since 1989. Amphetamine use initially dropped from 2.8 percent in 1989 to 2.1 percent in 1993, but then climbed to 3.1 percent in 1997 and to 3.3 percent in 2001.
The complete study is posted in the publications section of NCAA Online. Visit www.ncaa.org/library/research.html.
If Your Athletes Are Using Anabolic Steroids. . .
There are steps that strength and conditioning coaches can take to combat steroid abuse among athletes by using a plan from the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA).
The NSCA plan includes instructions for instituting school policies regarding anabolic steroids, provides scientific information about anabolic steroids that strength coaches can use to educate students, plus guidelines for creating intervention and counseling policies.
Need to know more about this plan? Contact the National Strength and Conditioning Association at 1955 N. Union Blvd., Colorado Springs, Colo. 80909. Phone 719-632-6722 or 800-815-6826. Or visit www.nsca.com/educational_resources.htm.
Sexual Harassment and SATs
A majority of student athletic trainers will encounter incidents of sexual harassment during the field experience component of their athletic training education programs, a recent study concludes.
Fully 83 percent of student athletic trainers in the study experienced at least one incident of sexually harassing behavior in their relationships with student-athletes, according to researchers at East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania. Among that same group of student athletic trainers, 36 percent experienced sexually harassing behavior in their relationships with coaches and 25 percent in their relationships with ATCs.
The Incidence of Sexual Harassment Among Students Enrolled in CAAHEP-Accredited Athletic Training Education Programs: A National Study, was conducted by J.M. Hauth, K.A. Vanic, and S. Menon. Using a national sample of 825 students aged 18 to 47 years, the researchers also found that 75 percent of student athletic trainers surveyed did not understand their institution's sexual harassment policies.
What's to be done? The authors suggest that athletic directors and clinical supervisors educate themselves about this problem and design programs that will help student athletic trainers cope with sexually harassing behaviors.
Eat Smart, Play Hard
If you aren't a couch potato, don't eat like one.
Eat Smart Play Hard: Customized Food Plans for All Your Sports and Fitness Pursuits from Rodale Press, discusses the specific nutritional needs of athletes and provides customized food plans for running, cycling, strength training, yoga, golf, and other sports. Written by Liz Applegate, PhD, Eat Smart also debunks nutritional myths about eating fats, carbohydrates, and even some junk foods.
The book is divided into two main sections. Part I, "New Fueling Basics," introduces Dr. Applegate's "Play Hard Pyramid Plan." The second part of the book discusses advances in fitness eating and provides a list of 41 "Superfoods" that athletes should eat regularly to promote health and maximize competitiveness.
Eat Smart Play Hard is available from Rodale Press for $16.95. For ordering information, contact Rodale Press at (800) 848-4725 or visit www.rodale.com.