Training & Conditioning, 13.7, October 2003, http://www.momentummedia.com/articles/tc/tc1307/bulletinboard.htm
New York Redefines ATCs’ Roles
New York recently became the latest state to spell out the “scope and duties” for athletic trainers working in public schools. The move is seen as part of a positive trend to delineate the important roles athletic trainers play.
The revised regulations, which went into effect July 10, 2003, define an athletic trainer’s duties in considerable detail and delineate the responsibilities into the following categories: “prevention of athletic injuries, including assessment of an athlete’s physical readiness to participate; management of athletic injuries; reconditioning to minimize the risk of re-injury; healthcare administration; education and counseling of coaches, parents, student athletic trainers, and athletes; risk management and injury prevention; management of athletic injuries; immediate care of athletic injury and physical conditions; treatment and reconditioning of athletic injuries; organization and administration; and professional development responsibilities.” The amendments also narrow ATCs’ duties from providing services to “school personnel and students” to being solely responsible for the welfare of athletes.
Andy Smith, MS, ATC, Head Athletic Trainer at Canisius College, and President of the New York State Athletic Trainers’ Association says the changes came as a result of years of work. “We’ve been working on revising the regulations for a long time,” he says. “Basically, it makes clear what the role of an athletic trainer in the high school setting is. And I think it will help others understand what we do.”
Study Looks at Concurrent Endurance and Strength Training
Combining strength and endurance training yields better results than either type of training alone, according to a recent study. Researchers showed that combining training methods improved anaerobic power better than strength training alone and improved VO2 max better than endurance training alone.
Researchers from the University of Athens and St. Savas Hospital in Athens, Greece divided 26 male basketball players into four groups, one focusing on endurance training, one focusing on strength training, another combining the two, and a control group. The first three groups trained four times a week for seven weeks. The group combining strength and endurance training performed both programs on the same day, separated by a seven-hour recovery period.
The group that combined strength and endurance training showed greater improvements in vertical jump, anaerobic power, and aerobic capacity than the endurance group or strength group. The strength training-only group increased anaerobic power, but showed decreases in aerobic capacity, and the endurance training-only group increased aerobic capacity at the expense of anaerobic power.
The study results were reported in the latest issue of The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (Vol. 71, No. 2).
Eye Black Best Against Sun’s Glare
According to a recent study, traditional eye black grease really is best for combating the sun’s glare. The mix of wax and carbon won out over anti-glare stickers that have recently hit the market, in a study from the Yale University School of Medicine published in the July issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology (Vol. 121, No. 7).
The researchers compared eye black grease to antiglare stickers, using petroleum jelly as a control. They tested 46 subjects, and found that eye black reduces glare and improves contrast sensitivity better than the other products.
Supplement Guidelines Questioned
Copies of a controversial set of sports nutrition supplement guidelines for athletes 18 and younger have been circulating for several months. Published by the Council for Responsible Nutrition, a trade association for the dietary supplement industry, the guidelines place sports nutrition supplements into three categories of safety, giving them a green light (safe), yellow light (use with caution), or red light (potentially dangerous).
Although they were intended to arm the medical community and other healthcare practitioners with easily accessible information, the guidelines have come under fire for being too simplistic, and not being based on scientific research. “Nutritional supplements ... have never been studied in children,” Jordan Metzl, MD, Medical Director of the Sports Medicine Institute for Young Athletes at the Hospital for Special Surgery told Orthopedics Today. “We have no idea what the safety of these products may or may not be for kids, and therefore, I feel that they should universally be discouraged.”
The CRN guidelines give creatine a yellow light, which Metzl points to as a basis for his criticism. “Creatine has never been studied under the age of 18 in anybody so to say that it’s okay or it’s a yellow light is, in my opinion, irresponsible,” he said.
Metzl believes the solution is for healthcare practitioners to educate themselves on supplements—and to pass that knowledge on to young athletes, their parents, and coaches. “I think that if the medical and sports medicine community doesn’t aggressively take on this issue, we’re going to have more problems down the line,” Metzl said.